The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has announced the launch of city weather services for 50 cities by next year.
A similar service was introduced in Delhi last year, at 13 locations in the nation’s capital where a number of weather parameters are recorded and used to issue localized weather forecasts and warnings. “We will launch urban weather services in more than 50 cities by next year. In cities, there are urban heat islands that can play a role in regulating meteorological parameters, such as temperature,” said Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, Director General of IMD.
In cities, there are localized heat exposures in heavily urbanized areas and these have been found to register higher daytime temperatures than other places with greenery and open spaces. For example, Ridge, Sports Complex, Pitampura and Mungeshwar regions remain warmer than Lodhi Road or Palam in Delhi.
In the city of Pune, Pashan is among the cooler localities compared to Chinchwad or Magarpatta.
“Urban weather processes are completely different from weather processes in rural areas,” another IMD official said. The IMD chief also said efforts are underway to collect socio-economic data, as well as details of schools, parks and hospitals. “The data will be collated on a GIS platform and can be used when issuing location-specific forecasts in the city.”